Today there is a lack of clarity about Artificial Intelligence and about the vision of the future that is proposed to us by big Companies, Consultant and Media.
This lack of clarity leads to the definition of ruinous strategies due to the fact that
the current definition of the future (definition of trends) is not based on any rational or scientific basis
(ie in this way products are defined that, in an era were in which we are looking for a real sustainability, affordability, are not feasible).
The problem is that this vision is adopted by the majority of Market Players.
It is therefore appropriate to clarify the concept of Artificial Intelligence.
First of all, we must understand the difference between the various types of Artificial Intelligence that we normally talk about.
Artificial Intelligence can be understood as:
● SUPPORTED DECISION SYSTEM – it is a type of AI that has already existed for some time in the form of “Decision Suport Software, defined by Wikipedia “Decision making software is a decision analysis tool that allow the user to clarify and express”.
This is a form of intelligence now used in apps like Waze (Waycare), which collects data from drivers and provides information on traffic that allow the User, among other things, to choose faster routes.
These systems are very powerful, so much so that Waze was adopted by the American government when it discovered that this App was able, in the event of environmental disasters, to indicate vital things like gas stations with gasoline supplies.
So this type of application can be very useful because it can provide personalized information:
– based on preferences defined by the user,
– based on how much the App can learn from User behavior (machine learning).
But, this is crucial, this AI level never makes autonomous decisions, but only provides the User with the information necessary for the User to make a decision.
● AUTONOMOUS DECISION MAKING (Making decision in real time without human interaction).
It is the type of AI on which the current vision of the Big Players of the Market is based (for example with the self-driving cars, the drones that deliver the goods at home).
In this level of AI the “machines” make autonomous decisions – in real time – on behalf of the Users.
This means that in these cases the users are not only not given information to evaluate the quality of the decisions taken by the system; but the users would not even have time to correct wrong decisions by the “machine” (in many cases the users would not even have the hardware tools to change the behavior of the machine: in the most admired projects cars do not even have a steering wheel).
Here (as in self-driving cars)
a real intelligence is attributed to the “machine”
(the machine would be smarter than man).
So much so that the lives of human beings are entrusted to “machines” (in this case the occupants of the car, and passers-by). . The basic problem is that
this last form of AI, as Science has shown,
IS INHERENTLY UNREALIZABLE